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Information for you
Published in November 2016 (next review date: 2019)
Acute pelvic inflammatory disease
This information is for you if you want to know more about acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), how it
is diagnosed and how it is treated. It may also be helpful if you are a relative or friend of someone who has
this condition.
What is pelvic inflammatory disease?
PID is an inflammation of the pelvic organs. It is usually caused by an infection spreading from the vagina
and cervix to the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvic area. If severe, it can cause an abscess
(collection of pus) inside the pelvis.
What is ‘acute’ pelvic inflammatory disease?
Acute PID is inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvic area
caused by an infection. If left untreated, it can cause abdominal pain and fertility
problems in the future.
Sometimes the inflammation can persist for a long time and this is known as
chronic PID (see the section ‘Are there any long-term effects?’).
pelvis
or pelvic
area
fallopian tube
ovary
entrance
of the uterus
(cervix)
vagina
uterus lining
(endometrium)
uterus (womb)